William Kininmonth, Architect, Building, Project, Images, Design, Info

William Kininmonth, Architect : Architecture

Kininmonth & Spence, Edinburgh, Scotland

Dates: 1904-88

William Kininmonth Architect

Sir William Hardie Kininmonth, Architect, was born in Edinburgh and educated at George Watson’s College and Edinburgh College of Art. Kininmonth was an apprentice under Sir Edwin Lutyens in London. He later worked with Sir Basil Spence from 1932 at Rowand Anderson and Paul in Edinburgh and lived at 46a Dick Place, The Grange, Edinburgh – a modern house designed by himself. William Kininmonth was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Dundee in 1975.

William Kininmonth – Edinburgh Buildings
Kininmonth – like Basil Spence – mixed a modern style with Scottish vernacular. Kininmonth buildings in Edinburgh include the following:-

Adam House, Chambers Street: 1954

46a Dick Place, The Grange: 1933
Kininmonth & Spence

17 Essex Road: 1951 – private house
Fettes College Dining hall: 1966 – William Kininmonth building

Fettes College Dining hall: William Kininmonth

Lismhor, No. 11 Easter Belmont Rd, Murrayfield / Ravelston: 1933/35
Kininmonth & Spence

Pollock Halls – Holland House, Edinburgh University: 1959

Mary Erskine’s School, Ravelston: 1966
Rowand Anderson, Kininmonth & Paul

No.6 St Andrew Square – Scottish Provident Building : 1961
Rowand Anderson, Kininmonth & Paul

North British Distillery Company (NBDC) warehouse, Gorgie
Renfrew Municipal Airport Terminal Building, 1954

William Kininmonth partner : Basil Spence

William Kininmonth building demolished:
North British Whisky Bonds, Haymarket

William Kininmonth building under threat in Edinburgh:
Scottish Provident Building, St Andrew Square

William Kininmonth, Architect
Adam House, Edinburgh partly by Kininmonth

Adam house is located towards the east end of Chambers Street. The frontage to Chambers Street is mock-Georgian whilst to the Cowgate it is boldly modern. Adam House was the first post-war building for Edinburgh University.

Adam House is located (as suggested by title) on the site of Adam Square, which was demolished to make way for South Bridge and Chambers Street. South Bridge was designed by Robert Adam but sadly not executed by him. Adam Square was the home for the Adam family and included the Watt Institute and School of Arts which became Heriot-Watt University. Edinburgh University use Adam House for examinations, exhibitions and as an Edinburgh Festival venue.

Modern Houses, Scotland
Lismhor by Kininmonth & Spence

Lismhor is located in the affluent estate of Easter Belmont Rd, Murrayfield / Ravelston. Designed by Kininmonth & Spence it was one of a series of 1930’s modern houses in this private road. This building is a strong, modern house that works well with the sloping site. The flat roofs gently overhang and the palette is mostly white render.

The light-filled entrance hall is double-height and the disposition and arrangement of rooms is subtle, modern but not avant-garde. The southern elevation contains that potent thirties motif, the semi-circular fenestrated bay: here it comes complete with a secondary smaller roof, a playful twist. The garden slopes steeply away leaving the eastern facade to tower forcefully over the garden.

Kininmonth & Paul, Edinburgh
Scottish Provident Building by Rowand Anderson, Kininmonth & Paul

The Scottish Provident Building, No.6 St Andrew Square, was the home of insurers Scottish Provident but Abbey are reportedly relocating staff in 2004 to Glasgow: a new tenant for the building has yet to be announced.

CDA are apparently investigating (Summer 2004) possible uses including retail. The building is strongly articulated and ingeniously turns the corner at the south-west corner of St Andrew Square by retaining the older corner block and running behind it to emerge with two separated facades.

The building was voted a favourite in Prospect’s back page by a key Edinburgh architecture critic a few years ago and is very popular amongst many architects, but less so with most of the general public. It of course sits on a key New Town Square alongside valued historic buildings such as David Bryce’s Bank of Scotland, 38-39 St Andrew Square, and Dundas Mansion, by Sir William Chambers and later Dick Peddie.

William Kininmonth partner: Rowand Anderson

William Kininmonth key building : Scottish Provident Edinburgh

Comments / photos for the William Kininmonth Edinburgh Architecture page welcome