Edinburgh New Town, James Craig, Scotland, Photos, Property, Building, Pictures

New Town Buildings : Architecture Information + Images

Contemporary Architecture – Historic Properties

Designed for Lord Drummond

New Town Architecture

James Craig (1744-95) famously won the competition to masterplan an Edinburgh New Town when only 22 years old in 1766; Edinburgh New Town gradually absorbed much of the professional classes from the increasingly ramshackle Old Town. The New Town was mostly built of sandstone from Craigleath Quarry. Princes Street (1805) is fairly uninteresting despite its fame, but Charlotte Square and George Street (after George III) contain many good works.

The following entry is a bit of a detour for those on foot; if it’s too far then start at The Bonham or continue from the last tour at The Caledonian:

Dean Gallery – refurbishment, 73 Belford Road
Terry Farrell & Co.

Refurbishment of former Orphanage by Hamilton, 1833. Farrell was also responsible for the recent masterplan for both this building and the adjacent Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art – SNGMA

Across the road to the West is the SNGMA:

Dean Gallery building
Dean Gallery
Scotland’s National Gallery of Modern Art – refurbishment
Terry Farrell & Co.

SNGMA – former John Watson’s School by Burn, 1825, The masterplan involves co-ordinated sculptures, landscaping. etc.

Earthworks – ‘Ueda’ at the SNGMA
Charles Jencks with Terry Farrell
SNGMA Earthworks
Former Gymnasium 0 rear of SNGMA
Lee Boyd

The Bonham, 35 Drumsheugh Gardens

Ron Galloway – Architect
Jonathan Speirs & Assocs. – lighting & interior consultant

Three Grade A listed Terrace houses combined to create one of the top 20 best new hotels in the world

The Bonham
Next head East towards the centre, down Chester St., right into Queensferry St. – at No.32 is one of three Pizza Expresses by Malcolm Fraser Architects in the city (right) – then left to: Pizza Express
The home of big finance with billions rumoured to pass through the Square’s dozen or so institutions every year. Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) was born at No. 16, Lister at No.9 and Earl Haig at No.34.
The square was designed by Robert Adam who died before its completion.

West Register House, Charlotte Square, 1814, Robert Reid
powerful building occupying former church of St. George with strong vertical emphasis: a superb endpiece to George Street.

Georgian House (NTS), No. 7 Charlotte Square, 1792-, Robert Adam – protected and reposed work.

West Register House
Charlotte Square

80 George Street
Hugh Martin Partnership

Principal Edinburgh New Town street: George Street buildings

80 George Street
Edinburgh’s most famous street beside the Royal Mile. Princes Street ‘Galleries’ – original proposal in 2002 for half a mile of mall under Princes St. – current proposal involves mall from Waverley to the Mound.

Edinburgh Galleries Shortlist:

Allan Murray Architects – winner, Dec 2002
Erick van Egeraat
Gareth Hoskins Architects
Page and Park Architects

Princes Street
Princes Street Vision: Malcolm Fraser Architects in conjunction with the Cockburn Association & the City of Edinburgh Council announce major reworking of Princes St with malls through to Rose St

Just west of Castle St, on Princes St: New Club by Alan Reiach, Architect & British Home Stores (Bhs) by Robert Matthew, Johnson-Marshall & Partners; nearby is Debenhams

Princes Street proposal
Oloroso rooftop restaurant, 37 Castle Street
Richard Murphy Architects

Atop a listed Basil Spence building is Richard Murphy Architect’s conversion with base-build by Comprehensive Design Architects

Designed for the late restaureteur James Sankey and the ITV Chef of the Year 2000 Tony Singh, Oloroso includes a rooftop terrace with views to Fife and the Castle

Oloroso restaurant
Oloroso Edinburgh
Centotre restaurant, 103 George Street Centotre restaurant
Assembly Rooms, 54 George Street Assembly Rooms

Royal Scottish Academy (RSA), Princes Street
1822-26; 1831-36
William Playfair

‘Greek’ style building, Weston Link insertions by John Miller & Partners, Phase I complete mid 2003; Phase II early 2005

Royal Scottish Academy
National Gallery of Scotland, The Mound
1845-58; (1978)
William Playfair

A short detour to George St. will take you to ricks:

National Gallery of Scotland

Rick’s Bar, Hotel & Restaurant, 55a Frederick St
Malcolm Fraser Architects

subtle, sedate contemporary interior refurbishment

Rick's Bar
George Hotel George Hotel Edinburgh
St Andrews & St Georges Church St Andrews & St Georges Church
The Dome restaurant The Dome restaurant
Le Monde restaurant Le Monde restaurant
Opal Lounge, George St
Malcolm Fraser Architects
Creative basement conversion as quality nightclub

Back on Princes St is the monument to Sir Walter Scott:

Opal Lounge
Scott Monument, Princes St
World-famous Victorian monument

Across the road is Marks & Spencers, and Jenners, Victorian Department Store

scott memorial
Jenners, Princes St
often described as the Harrods of the North, refurbished by Michael Laird Architects

Princes Mall, (former Waverley Market) Princes St, 1984, BDP; subterranean shopping complex with black ‘spikes’ above ground evoking the brooding form of St. Mary’s Cathedral at the far end of Princes St

Jenners Edinburgh
H&M Edinburgh – Former C&A Store + Jays Dept. Store, Princes St
3D Architects

Burtons Department Store

H&M Edinburgh
Balmoral Hotel, North Bridge/Princes St

Opposite the Balmoral, across North Bridge, is GPO:

Balmoral Hotel
Former General Post Office – GPO
Robert Matheson; additions by Oldrieve 1909; HM Partnership 2004

The shell has been retained and has been redeveloped

Waverley Gate
General Register House, Princes St, (opposite North Bridge/Balmoral Hotel)
Robert Adam

From here one can head North to the later phase of New Town – down from Queen Street – or head up Calton Hill.

General Register House
Waverley Station
Edinburgh’s main railway sits between the Old Town and the New Town. Numerous proposals to redevelop, especially in the last decade

Head back to St. Andrew·s Square or visit

Waverley Station
St James Centre
Hugh Martin Partnership

John Lewis Edinburgh, Leith St
Basil Spence

‘Food on 1′: St James Centre upper level conversion
Comprehensive Design Architects – CDA

Opposite the latter is possibly the site of the largest new development in Edinburgh:

John Lewis Edinburgh


Calton Square + omni edinburgh, Calton Hill
Allan Murray Architects

Calton Square offices

Calton Square
Leith St Bridge
Broadway Malyan Architects
Leith St Bridge
Square contains Melville Monument (image right). Going clockwise, starting in the east side, we have the following:-

Dundas Mansion

Royal Bank of Scotland branch

In the south-east corner is the red sandstone Prudential Assurance at 14 South St.Andrew St by Waterhouse

Melville Monument
Scottish Provident Building
Rowand Anderson Kininmonth & Paul
Located in the south-west corner at No.6, currently empty, well-balanced facade
Scottish Provident
Former Scottish Widows building
Basil Spence, architect
In the south-west corner (Sainsbury’s at street level) is a rather austere retail / commercial property: St Andrew Square
St Andrew Square
Former Caledonian Insurance Co., George Street
Thomson & Connell
Black marble, flanking statues, copper roof and Art Deco fenestration and decoration

Caledonian Insurance
No.10 George Street
Reiach and Hall Architects

Quiet, mildly decorative and vertically-ordered insertion
George Street building
In the north-west on the corner with George Street is Standard Life Assurance. Standard Life Assurance
The Walk incl. Harvey Nichols, St Andrew Square
Comprehensive Design + Lifschutz Davidson Architects
Harvey Nichols Edinburgh
Valvona & Crolla restaurant off Multrees Walk
Reiach and Hall Architects
Vin Caffe Edinburgh
Bank of Scotland HQ., east side of St Andrew’s Square Bank of Scotland Edinburgh
Walk North towards Queens Street:

Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 1 Queen St
Sir Robert Rowand Anderson
a ‘must see’ building

Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Further along is No.9 Queen St:
Royal College of Physicians

late Greek Revival

No. 8 Queen St
Robert Adam

BBC Edinburgh Offices, 5 Queen St

Scotch Malt Whisky Society, 28 & 29 Queen St
Simpson & Brown with Michael Laird Architects

Royal College of Physicians
The second phase of Edinburgh New Town – Reid; Elliot; Playfair; Graham; Raeburn – was built between 1802 and around 1823, to the North and off the plateau (one of the finest elements is Moray Place, right).

Edinburgh New Town Phase 2

moray place to West of Phase 2


Dublin Street Lane
1993 & 2000
Richard Murphy Architects
Private Housing
Nominee for Stirling Prize 2000
Dublin Street
You can continue on your own tour to William Playfair‘s
Royal Crescent, 1823, Gillespie Graham’s Moray Place, 1822, Playfair’s St Stephen’s Church, 1828 at St. Vincent St. Great King Street (R.L.Stevenson lived at 17 Heriot Row)

Down on the Water of Leith is a Pizza Express by Malcolm Fraser Architects at 1 Deanhaugh St (right); close by some contemporary housing, see below:

Stockbridge Building
Dean Bank Lane housing project
Richard Murphy Architects
Private Housing
Dean Bank Lane
17 Circus Lane
Richard Murphy Architects
Private Houses
Two Circus Lane Houses for Mike Gordon
New Town Houses
Circus Lane – ‘Japanese house’
Richard Murphy Architects
Controversial mews house
Circus Lane House
Moray Place
1996 & 2000
Richard Murphy Architects
Private House
Refurbishment of a listed New Town house won one of Scotland’s seven RIBA Awards in 2002, shortlisted for RIAS Scottish Building Award 2002
Moray Place
Calton Hill
The scattered monuments on this hill go a long way to earning Edinburgh the sobriquet of Athens of the North:

Calton Hill

calton hill memorial
Duguld Stewart Monument
Calton Hill Edinburgh
City Observatory
Small domed building in centre of hill
City Observatory Edinburgh
National Monument (to the Napoleonic Dead)
Cockerell, exec. Playfair
Designed as a folly (disputed), based on Acropolis

Scottish National Monument

Scottish National Monument
Nelson’s Monument
Dropping ball on top pole signalled time to ships in the Firth of Forth.

Nelson's Monument
St Andrew’s House
Architecture Competition winner
St Andrew's House
Calton Old Burial Ground, Waterloo Place

Obelisk to Political Martyrs
Memorial to David Hume
Governor’s House

Calton Gaol
Royal High School
Thomas Hamilton

Opposite the Royal High School, to the south-east:

Royal High School

Burns Monument, Regent Road
Thomas Hamilton

About thirty yards East is the entry down a winding lane to Calton Burial Ground:

Burns Monument
Calton Burial Ground

A short walk to the East along Regent Terrace (or Regent Road) brings you to Casa Murphy:

Calton Burial Ground
17 Royal Terrace Mews
Richard Murphy Architects
Royal Terrace Mews

To see all projects in Edinburgh on a map please follow this link

Edinburgh Tours

Edinburgh New Town : Stockbridge

Scottish Architecture

Edinburgh New Town restaurants

Missoni Hotel

Other buildings in the north of Edinburgh New Town, ie Phase Two:
CDA project for Applecross: Eyre Place
Housing by Reiach and Hall + Oberlanders Architects: Fettes Row terraces
Mansfield Traquair Centre

Buildings / photos for the Edinburgh New Town Architecture pages welcome:

Edinburgh New Town – Building : page